Carios

Carios

Languages: English

Overview

Brief Summary

A number of genera and species of ticks in the families Argasidae (soft ticks) are of public health importance. Included in this group are ticks in the genus Carios that are vectors of the spirochete bacteria causing tick-borne relapsing fever in Central and South America. (Centers for Disease Control Parasites and Health website)  Recent investigations have suggested that Carios kelleyi, which is normally a parasite of bats, may sometimes bite humans and transmit Borrelia spirochaetes that could cause TBRF. Carios kelleyi is widely distributed in the United States and Canada and has also been reported from Costa Rica. Unlike many species of argasid ticks that have fast-feeding larvae, C. kelleyi larvae are slow feeders, apparently requiring one to several weeks to engorge. (Schwan et al. 2009 and references therein)

Members of the family Argasidae have multihost life cycles.  Argasid ticks have two or more nymphal stages, each requiring a blood meal from a host.  Unlike the ixodid (hard) ticks, which stay attached to their hosts for up to several days while feeding, most argasid ticks are adapted to feeding rapidly (for about an hour), then dropping off the host.

(Centers for Disease Control Parasites and Health website)

Author(s): Shapiro, Leo
Rights holder(s): Shapiro, Leo

Taxonomic Children

Total: 88

Carios amblus Chamberlin, 1920, Carios aragaoi Fonseca, 1960, Carios armasi de la Cruz & Estrada-Peña, 1995, Carios australiensis Kohls & Hoogstraal, 1962, Carios azteci Matheson, 1935, Carios batuensis Hirst, 1929, Carios boueti Roubaud & Colas-Belcour, 1933, Carios brodyi Matheson, 1935, Carios camicasi Sylla, Cornet & Marchand, 1997, Carios capensis Neumann, 1901, Carios casebeeri Jones & Clifford, 1972, Carios centralis de la Cruz & Estrada-Peña, 1995, Carios cernyi de la Cruz, 1978, Carios ceylonensis Hoogstraal & Kaiser, 1968, Carios cheikhi Vermeil, Marjolet & Vermeil, 1997, Carios chironectes Jones & Clifford, 1972, Carios chiropterphila Dhanda & Rajagopalan, 1971, Carios clarki Jones & Clifford, 1972, Carios collocaliae Hoogstraal, Kadarsan, Kaiser & van Peenen, 1974, Carios concanensis Cooley & Kohls, 1941, Carios confusus Hoogstraal, 1955, Carios coniceps Canestrini, 1890, Carios coprophilus McIntosh, 1935, Carios cordiformis Hoogstraal & Kohls, 1967, Carios cyclurae de la Cruz, 1984, Carios darwini Kohls, Clifford & Hoogstraal, 1969, Carios daviesi Kaiser & Hoogstraal, 1973, Carios denmarki Kohls, Sonenshine & Clifford, 1965, Carios dewae Kaiser & Hoogstraal, 1974, Carios dusbabeki Cerny, 1967, Carios dyeri Cooley & Kohls, 1940, Carios echimys Kohls, Clifford & Jones, 1969, Carios elongatus Kohls, Sonenshine & Clifford, 1965, Carios eptesicus Kohls, Clifford & Jones, 1969, Carios erraticus Lucas, 1849, Carios faini Hoogstraal, 1960, Carios galapagensis Kohls, Clifford & Hoogstraal, 1969, Carios granasi de la Cruz, 1973, Carios habanensis de la Cruz, 1976, Carios hadiae Klompen, Keirans & Durden, 1995, Carios hasei Schulze, 1935, Carios hummelincki de la Cruz & Estrada-Peña, 1995, Carios jerseyi Klompen & Grimaldi, 2001, Carios jul Schulze, 1940, Carios kelleyi Cooley & Kohls, 1941, Carios kohlsi Guglielmone & Keirans, 2002, Carios macrodermae Hoogstraal, Moorhouse, Wolf & Wassef, 1977, Carios madagascariensis Hoogstraal, 1962, Carios marginatus Banks, 1910, Carios marinkellei Kohls, Clifford & Jones, 1969, Carios maritimus Vermeil & Marguet, 1967, Carios marmosae Jones & Clifford, 1972, Carios martelorum de la Cruz, 1978, Carios mexicanus Hoffmann, 1959, Carios mimon Kohls, Clifford & Jones, 1969, Carios mormoops Kohls, Clifford & Jones, 1969, Carios muesebecki Hoogstraal, 1969, Carios multisetosus Klompen, Keirans & Durden, 1995, Carios naomiae de la Cruz, 1978, Carios natalinus Cerny & Dusbábek, 1967, Carios occidentalis de la Cruz, 1978, Carios papuensis Klompen, Keirans & Durden, 1995, Carios peropteryx Kohls, Clifford & Jones, 1969, Carios peruvianus Kohls, Clifford & Jones, 1969, Carios piriformis Warburton, 1918, Carios puertoricensis Fox, 1947, Carios pusillus Kohls, 1950, Carios reddelli Keirans & Clifford, 1975, Carios rennellensis Clifford & Sonenshine, 1962, Carios rossi Kohls, Sonenshine & Clifford, 1965, Carios rudis Karsch, 1880, Carios salahi Hoogstraal, 1953, Carios sawaii Kitaoka & Suzuki, 1973, Carios setosus Kohls, Clifford & Jones, 1969, Carios siboneyi de la Cruz & Estrada-Peña, 1995, Carios silvai Cerny, 1967, Carios sinensis Jeu & Zhu, 1982, Carios solomonis Dumbleton, 1959, Carios spheniscus Hoogstraal, Wassef, Hays & Keirans, 1985, Carios stageri Cooley & Kohls, 1941, Carios tadaridae Cerny & Dusbábek, 1967, Carios talaje Guérin-Méneville, 1849, Carios tiptoni Jones & Clifford, 1972, Carios tuttlei Jones & Clifford, 1972, Carios vespertilionis Latreille, 1796, Carios viguerasi Cooley & Kohls, 1941, Carios yumatensis Cooley & Kohls, 1941, Carios yunkeri Keirans, Clifford & Hoogstraal, 1984

References

Schwan, T. G., Raffel S. J., Schrumpf M. E., Gill J. S., & Piesman J. (2009).  Characterization of a Novel Relapsing Fever Spirochete in the Midgut, Coxal Fluid, and Salivary Glands of the Bat Tick Carios kelleyi. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases. 9(6), 643 - 647.