Caretta caretta

Caretta caretta Linnaeus 1758

Common Names

Loggerhead (English)

Languages: English

Conservation and Management


Peckham et al. (2007) found that small-scale fisheries result in significant bycatch mortality of loggerheads, rivaling that of oceanwide industrial-scale fisheries. To address this serious threat, the authors advocate the localization of coastal high use areas and mitigation of bycatch in partnership with small-scale fishers.

Author(s): Shapiro, Leo
Rights holder(s): Shapiro, Leo


  • Caouana elongata GRAY 1844 (synonym)
  • Chelonia Caouana DUMÉRIL 1835 (synonym)
  • Chelonia caretta DYCE 1861 (synonym)
  • Chelonia multiscutata Kuhl 1820 (synonym)
  • Testudo caouana LACÉPÈDE 1788 (synonym)
  • Testudo caretta Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
  • Testudo corianna GRAY 1831 (synonym)
  • Testudo nasicornis LACÉPÈDE 1788 (synonym)
  • Thalassochelys caretta BOULENGER 1886 (synonym)


Ackerman, R. A. (1980).  Physiological and Ecological Aspects of Gas Exchange by Sea Turtle Eggs. Integrative and Comparative Biology (American Zoologist). 20(3), 575 - 583. Abstract
Hawkes, L. A., Broderick A. C., Coyne M. S., Godfrey M. H., Lopez-Jurado L-F., Lopez-Suarez P., et al. (2006).  Phenotypically Linked Dichotomy in Sea Turtle Foraging Requires Multiple Conservation Approaches. Current Biology. 16(10), 990 - 995. Abstract
Heithaus, M. R., McLash J. J., Frid A., Dill L. M., & Marshall G. J. (2002).  Novel insights into green sea turtle behaviour using animal-borne video cameras. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK. 82(6), 1049 - 1050. Abstract
Hendrickson, J. R. (1980).  The ecological strategies of sea turtles. Integrative and Comparative Biology (American Zoologist). 20, 597-608. Abstract
Hirth, H. F. (1980).  Some Aspects of the Nesting Behavior and Reproductive Biology of Sea Turtles. Integrative and Comparative Biology (American Zoologist). 20(3), 507 - 523. Abstract
Hochscheid, S., Bentivegna F., & Hays G. C. (2005).  First records of dive durations for a hibernating sea turtle. Biology Letters. 1(1), 82 - 86. Abstract
Hochscheid, S., McMahon C. R., Bradshaw C. J. A., Maffucci F., Bentivegna F., & Hays G. C. (2007).  Allometric scaling of lung volume and its consequences for marine turtle diving performance. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology. 148(2), 360 - 367. Abstract
Houghton, J. D. R., Woolmer A., & Hays G. C. (2000).  Sea turtle diving and foraging behaviour around the Greek island of Kefalonia. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 80, 761-762. Abstract
Lutz, P. L., & Bentley T. B. (1985).  Respiratory biology of diving in the sea turtle. Copeia. 1985, 671-679. Abstract
Mrosovsky, N. (1980).  Thermal biology of sea turtles. Integrative and Comparative Biology (American Zoologist). 20, 531-547. Abstract
Owens, D. W., Grassman M. A., & Hendrickson J. R. (1982).  The imprinting hypothesis and sea turtle reproduction. Herpetologica. 38, 124-135. Abstract
Polovina, J. J., Howell E., Parker D. M., & Balazs G. H. (2003).  Dive-depth distribution of loggerhead (Caretta caretta) and olive ridley (Lepidochelys olivacea) sea turtles in the central North Pacific: Might deep longline sets catch fewer turtles?. Fishery Bulletin. 101, 189-193. Abstract
Witham, R. (1980).  The "Lost Year" question in young sea turtles. Integrative and Comparative Biology (American Zoologist). 20, 525-530. Abstract
Witzell, W. N. (1994).  The origin, evolution, and demise of the U.S. sea turtle fisheries. Marine Fisheries Review. 56, 8-23.