Languages: English


Comprehensive Description

Priapulida is an alternative name for the phylum Priapula (see Priapula page for more information on priapulans). Priapulida has also been used as the name of a class within a phylum Cephalorhyncha when this phylum (consisting of Kinorhyncha + Loricifera + Priapula + [in original usage] Nematomorpha) is recognized.

Author(s): Shapiro, Leo
Rights holder(s): Shapiro, Leo

Taxonomic Children

Total: 2

Not assigned, Priapula


Aleshin, V. V., Milyutina I. A., Kedrova O. S., Vladychenskaya N. S., & Petrov N. B. (1998).  Phylogeny of Nematoda and Cephalorhyncha Derived from 18S rDNA. Journal of Molecular Evolution. 47, 597-605.
Brusca, R. C., & Brusca G. J. (2003).  Invertebrates, 2nd edition. Sunderland, Massachusetts: Sinauer.
Halanych, K. M. (2004).  THE NEW VIEW OF ANIMAL PHYLOGENY. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics. 35, 229-256.
Margulis, L., & Chapman M. J. (2010).  Kingdoms and Domains: An Illustrated Guide to the Phyla of Life On Earth, 4th edition reprinted with corrections.
Park, J-K., Rho H S., Kristensen R M., Kim W., & Giribet G. (2006).  First Molecular Data on the Phylum Loricifera – An Investigation into the Phylogeny of Ecdysozoa with Emphasis on the Positions of Loricifera and Priapulida. Zoological Science. 23(11), 943 - 954.
Rothe, B H., & Schmidt-Rhaesa A. (2010).  Structure of the nervous system in Tubiluchus troglodytes (Priapulida). Invertebrate Biology. 129(1), 39 - 58. Abstract
Shirley, T. C. (2009).  Priapulida of the Gulf of Mexico. (TunnellJ W., FelderD L., EarleS A., Ed.).Gulf of Mexico Origin, Waters, and Biota: Biodiversity. 1125-1126. College Station, Texas: Texas A&M University Press.
Sørensen, M. V., Hebsgaard M. B., Heiner I., Glenner H., Willerslev E., & Kristensen R. M. (2008).  New data from an enigmatic phylum: evidence from molecular sequence data supports a sister-group relationship between Loricifera and Nematomorpha. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research. 46, 231-239.
Telford, M. J., Bourlat S. J., Economou A., Papillon D., & Rota-Stabelli O. (2008).  The evolution of the Ecdysozoa. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 363(1496), 1529 - 1537. Abstract