Scyphozoa

Scyphozoa

References

Arai, M. N. (2001).  Pelagic coelenterates and eutrophication: a review. Hydrobiologia. 451, 68-87.
Bigelow, R. P. (1900).  The anatomy and development of Cassiopea xamachana. Memoirs of the Boston Society of Natural History. 5, 191-236.
Boulware, D. R. (2006).  A randomized, controlled field trial for the prevention of jellyfish stings with a topical sting inhibitor. Journal of Travel Medicine. 13, 166-171.
Brandon, M., & Cutress C. E. (1985).  A new Dondice (Opisthobranchia: Favorinidae), predator of Cassiopea in southwest Puerto Rico. Bulletin of Marine Science. 36, 139-144.
Brodeur, R. D., Suchman C. L., Reese D. C., Miller T. W., & Daly E. A. (2008).  Spatial overlap and trophic interactions between pelagic fish and large jellyfish in the northern California Current. Marine Biology. 154, 649-659.
Brodeur, R. D., Sugisaki H., & Hunt G. L. (2002).  Increases in jellyfish biomass in the Bering Sea: implications for the ecosystem. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 233, 89-103.
Burnett, J. W. (2006).  Prolonged urinary incontinence and biliary dyskinesia following abdominal contact with jellyfish tentacles. Wilderness and Environmental Medicine. 17, 180-186.
Carlton, James T., E. (2007).  The Light and Smith manual: intertidal invertebrates from central California, 4th ed.. 1001. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Crossley, S. M. G., George A. L., & Keller C. J. (2009).  A method for eradicating amphipod parasites (Hyperiidae) from host jellyfish, Chrysaora fuscescens (Brandt, 1835), in a closed recirculating system. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine. 40, 174-180.
Fitt, W. K., & Costley K. (1998).  The role of temperature in survival of the polyp stage of the tropical rhizostome jellyfish Cassiopea xamachana. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 222, 79-91.
Fleck, J., & Fitt W. K. (1999).  Degrading mangrove leaves of Rhizophora mangle Linne provide a natural cue for settlement and metamorphosis of the upside down jellyfish Cassiopea xamachana Bigelow. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 234, 83-94.
Gasca, R., & Haddock S. H. D. (2004).  Associations between gelatinous zooplankton and hyperiid amphipods (Crustacea: Peracarida) in the Gulf of California. Hydrobiologia. 530/531, 529-535.
Hofmann, D. K., & Hadfield M. G. (2002).  Hermaphroditism, gonochorism, and asexual reproduction in Cassiopea sp - an immigrant in the islands of Hawai'i. Hydrobiologia. 41, 215-221.
Hofmann, D. K., & Kremer B. P. (1981).  Carbon metabolism and strobilation in Cassiopea andromedea (Cnidaria: Scyphozoa): significance of endosymbiotic dinoflagellates. Marine Biology. 65, 25-33.
Holland, B. S., Dawson M. N., Crow G. L., & Hofmann D. K. (2004).  Global phylogeography of Cassiopea (Scyphozoa: Rhizostomeae): molecular evidence for cryptic species and multiple invasions of the Hawaiian Islands. Marine Biology. 145, 1119-1128.
Kaplan, E. H. (1982).  A Field Guide to Coral Reefs of the Caribbean and Florida. Boston: Houghton Miffllin.
Kaplan, E. H. (1988).  A Field Guide to Southeastern and Caribbean Seashores. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
Kimball, A. B., Arambula K. Z., Stauffer A. R., Levy V., Davis V. W., Liu M., et al. (2004).  Efficacy of a jellyfish sting inhibitor in preventing jellyfish stings in normal volunteers. Wilderness and Environmental Medicine. 15, 102-108.
Larson, R. J. (1990).  Scyphomedusae and cubomedusae from the eastern Pacific. Pacific Bulletin of Marine Science. 47, 546-556.
Larson, R. J. (1997).  Feeding behaviour of Caribbean Scyphomedusae: Cassiopea frondosa (Pallas) and Cassiopea xamachana Bigelow. Publications of the Foundation for Scientific Research in the Caribbean Region. 139, 43-54.
Lebrato, M., & Jones D. O. B. (2009).  Mass deposition event of Pyrosoma atlanticum carcasses off Ivory Coast (West Africa). LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY. 54, 1197-1209.
Martin, J. W., & Kuck H. G. (1991).  Faunal associates of an undescribed species of Chrysaora (Cnidaria, Scyphozoa) in the Southern California Bight, with notes on unusual occurences of other warm water species in the area. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences. 90, 89-101.
Martin, J. W., Gershwin L-A., Burnett J. W., Cargo D. G., & Bloom D. A. (1997).  Chrysaora achlyos, a remarkable new species of scyphozoan from the Eastern Pacific. Biological Bulletin. 193, 8-13.
Mills, C. E. (2001).  Jellyfish blooms: are populations increasing globally in response to changing ocean conditions?. Hydrobiologia. 451, 55-68.
Monterey_Bay_Aquarium (2008).  Spotted Jelly, Coastal Waters, Invertebrates, Mastigias papua. Monterey: Monterey Bay Aquarium.
Muller, W. A., & Leitz T. (2002).  Metamorphosis in the Cnidaria. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 80, 1755-1771.
Ojimi, M. C., Isomura N., & Hidaka M. (2009).  Telomerase activity is not related to life history stage in the jellyfish Cassiopea sp.. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A. 152, 240-244.
Sachs, J. L., & Wilcox T. P. (2006).  A shift to parasitism in the jellyfish symbiont Symbiodinium microadriaticum. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences. 273, 425-429.
Suchman, C. L., Daly E. A., Keister J. E., Peterson W. T., & Brodeur R. D. (2008).  Feeding patterns and predation potential of scyphomedusae in a highly productive upwelling region. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 358, 161-172.
Widmer, C. L. (2008).  Life cycle of Chrysaora fuscescens (Cnidaria: Scyphozoa) and a key to sympatric ephydrae. Pacific Science. 62, 71-82.
Wrobel, D., & Mills C. E. (1998).  Pacific Coast Pelagic Invertebrates: A Guide to the Common Gelatinous Animal (corrected 2nd printing, 2003). 112. Monterey, CA: Sea Challengers and Monterey Bay Aquarium.