Biosorption of uranium on Sargassum biomass
|Title||Biosorption of uranium on Sargassum biomass|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1999|
|Authors||Yang, J., & Volesky B.|
|Pagination||3357 - 3363|
Protonated, non-living biomass of the brown alga Sargassum fluitans effectively sequestered uranyl ions from aqueous solution, with the maximum uranium sorption capacity exceeding 560 mg/g, 330 mg/g and 150 mg/g at pH 4.0, 3.2 and 2.6, respectively. At various pH levels, batch sorption equilibrium was reached within 3 h and the sorption isotherms were interpreted in terms of the Langmuir model. The sorption system pH profoundly affected uranium sorption capacities and sorption mechanisms through the hydrolysis of uranyl ions in aqueous solution. While only UO22+ ions existing at pH 2.6 were exchanging with protons on the biomass, the high uranium sorption at pH 4.0 was attributed to the existence of hydrolysed uranyl ions, UO2OH+, (UO2)3(OH)5+ and (UO2)2(OH)22+. Each mole of uranium binding to the biomass was accompanied by the consumption of approximately 2 mol of LiOH for maintenance of the desired constant pH. The uranium could be easily recovered from the metal-loaded biomass by elution with 0.1 N HCl. The desorption was complete and the damage to the biomass was slight. These findings indicate an enormous potential of biosorption in uranium removal from aqueous solutions.