Hull fouling of maritime vessels as a pathway for marine species invasions to the Hawaiian Islands.
|Title||Hull fouling of maritime vessels as a pathway for marine species invasions to the Hawaiian Islands.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2003|
|Authors||Godwin, S. L.|
|Date Published||2003 Apr|
The natural barriers to species invasions that exist in isolated marine environments such as Hawaii are overcome by anthropogenic influences on the dispersal patterns of marine organisms. This creates a situation where the marine habitats of the Hawaiian Archipelago are more readily exposed to marine non-indigenous species. A case study of a particular anthropogenic dispersal mode, maritime vessel hull fouling, is reviewed. This mode has effects on altered environments, such as harbors, as well as unaltered coastal habitats. Hull fouling of commercial maritime vessels is documented as a transport vector, and an inter-island dispersal mechanism for marine non-indigenous species to the main Hawaiian Islands.