Gametogenesis and chromosome number in Postelsia palmaeformis (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae)

TitleGametogenesis and chromosome number in Postelsia palmaeformis (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae)
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1995
Refereed DesignationRefereed
AuthorsLewis, R. J.
JournalPhycological Research

Gametophytes of the 'sea palm', the kelp Postelsia palmaeformis Ruprecht, produced gametes whether or not chelated iron was supplied in the culture medium, in contrast to the inhibition of gametogenesis seen with the absence of iron in many other kelps. As gametogenesis proceeded, every cell of the gametophytes was converted into a gamete so that the gametophytes did not continue to grow vegetatively. The portion of the life history from spore release through germination, gametophyte growth, gametogenesis, fertilization and growth of the young sporophyte was completed in 9–10 days under laboratory conditions. Chromosome counts showed that sporophytes had a diploid number of 26–34 chromosomes while sporangia and gametophytes had a haploid number of 14–17 chromosomes, indicating a typical haplodiplophasic life history as seen in other Laminariales.